BREAKING THE MOULD ON TRADITIONAL CA JOB OPTIONS

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With the spotlight on the ethics and integrity of the major players in the auditing sector, landing an opportunity to do your training as a chartered accountant (CA) at a Big Four firms may no longer be all it’s cracked up to be.

In fact, the job market for young CAs has changed in the last decade and the top jobs of the future look set to be quite different from what they’ve been in the past.

As the world becomes more technology-driven is the ‘traditional’ approach still best-positioned to provide you with the skills you’ll need for the future? So, what can new CAs do to future-proof their careers? The most important first step is to choose the right firm to complete your training – and consider whether a non-traditional option might be a good fit for you.

According to the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA), there are currently 9,500 CA trainees. The vast majority – 8,885 – are completing their training at traditional auditing firms, compared to 615 who have opted for a non-traditional approach. For graduates looking to differentiate themselves from the majority, this might be a sensible option to consider.

Three questions to help you find the right firm

  1. Is innovation expected?
    An innovation mindset is not for everyone, but for those who enjoy finding new solutions for new challenges, a traditional accounting approach may be stifling.
  1. Do you want to find a niche?
    The predictable, rote aspects of accounting will be the first to be affected by artificial intelligence, and these are often the tasks delegated to clerks at big firms. Being exposed to a wider range of work in your first years of work will enable you to find a niche sooner than you might have done if you’d been stuck doing one type of work.
  1. Who will you learn from?

    A key question to ask yourself is ‘who will I learn from?’ What does the management structure look like, and will you be able to access senior executives to gain insights or bounce ideas off? Doing your training at a smaller, non-traditional firm will provide greater access to people at all levels of seniority, whereas the ‘Big 4’ tend to have firmly established hierarchies.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

 

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WHAT SHOULD YOU CONSIDER WHEN INVESTING IN A BUSINESS

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You have worked hard for many years, and have finally saved enough funds and mustered the courage to take the big leap that you have been dreaming about for such a long time… you are going to invest in your own business.

You have found the perfect business and is excited about your new journey, when you suddenly realise, however, that you have never been in this situation, and suddenly have no idea what to do next.

The first step

It is important to understand what you wish to gain out of your investment. Some people may solely invest in a business for financial gain, while for others it may be fulfilling a life-long dream, or to chase a very specific passion, such as having the opportunity to jump out of an airplane every single day through your newly acquired skydiving school, for instance.

Although motivation will differ for each person and will likely include a number of factors, it is important to understand what drives your decisions, in order to invest smartly.

Start with the end in mind

Once you understand the why behind your investment decision, it is a good principle to start with the end in mind. Ask yourself where do I want to be in the next three to five years (skydiving every day, the richest person in my street, having loads of free time, etc.) and how you will be able to leverage your business to get you there.

Good questions to ask might include –

  1. Is the business scalable (the ability to multiply a business model);
  2. Is the business labour/time intensive;
  3. Do you have adequate and necessary skills to manage the business;
  4. Are you aware of all the risks that you are assuming through investment;
  5. Is the price that you are willing to pay for the business substantiated and reasonable;
  6. Etc.

Practical considerations

In practical terms, there are a number of ways in which to invest in a business, primarily including acquisition of a going concern, as opposed to equity/members interest in an existing entity. It is also important to understand the advantages/disadvantages of the structure in which you choose to invest. You might decide to invest as a sole proprietor, through a company, a corporate structure or a trust (etc.) for instance.

The above considerations can have a major influence on a variety of factors, including statutory risk, tax consequences, contracting procedures, etc. and if the process is not approached correctly, it can cause many unnecessary headaches in the long-run.

Summary

Investing in a business, is no doubt always a very exciting prospect which, if approached correctly, can have a profoundly positive impact on a person’s life. It can be a precarious process, however, if not negotiated carefully.

It is therefore recommended to find a credible and experienced partner, to help guide you through the process, and even to further strategically aid and assist you post the investment.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

 

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KORPORATIEWE BEHEER – NAAMSVERANDERINGE

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Dit staan ʼn maatskappy of beslote korporasie vry om sy naam te verander indien verkies.  Vir maatskappye sal die naamsverandering ʼn spesiale besluit tot gevolg hê wat deur die aandeelhouers van die maatskappy goedgekeur moet word en in die geval van ʼn beslote korporasie moet die lede van die beslote korporasie die naamsverandering goedgekeur.

Voor die naam van die maatskappy of beslote korporasie verander kan word, moet voorgestelde name aan die “Companies and Intellectual Property Commission” (“CIPC”) voorgelê word vir goedkeuring. Daar kan vier opsies van moontlike name verskaf word aan CIPC in volgorde van keuse. Wanneer CIPC tevrede is met ʼn voorgestelde naam, sal hulle dit vir die gebruik van die maatskappy of beslote korporasie reserveer vir ʼn tydperk van 6 maande.  Die reservering kan ná 6 maande vir ʼn verdere tydperk van 1 maand verleng word, maar kan daarna nie verder verleng word nie en sal verval, waarna  ʼn aansoek weer ingedien sal moet word.

Die voorgestelde name van maatskappye en beslote korporasies moet aan verskeie vereistes voldoen soos uiteengesit in Artikel 11 van die Maatskappywet van 2008 (“die Wet”).  Hieronder volg ʼn lys van enkele van hierdie vereistes –

  • die naam mag woorde in enige taal insluit;
  • die naam mag nie dieselfde of verwarrend soortgelyk wees aan –
    • die naam van ʼn ander maatskappy, geregistreerde buitelandse maatskappy, beslote korporasie of koöperasie nie, tensy die maatskappy/beslote korporasie deel uitmaak van ʼn groep wat soortgelyke name gebruik;
    • ʼn naam geregistreer vir die gebruik van ʼn persoon as ʼn besigheidsnaam ingevolge die Wet op Besigheidsname, Wet no. 27 van 1960, nie;
    • ʼn geregistreerde handelsmerk wat aan ʼn ander persoon behoort, of ʼn handelsmerk ten opsigte van ʼn aansoek vir registrasie as ʼn handelsmerk in die Republiek ingedien is nie, of ʼn welbekende handelsmerk soos in Artikel 35 van die Wet op Handelsmerke, Wet no. 194 van 1993, beoog nie;
    • ʼn handelsmerk, woord of uitdrukking waarvan die gebruik ingevolge die Wet op Handelswaremerke, Wet no. 17 van 1941, beperk of beskerm word nie;
  • die naam mag nie valslik impliseer of voorgee, of sodanig wees dat dit ʼn persoon redelikerwys sal mislei om verkeerdelik te glo dat die maatskappy/beslote korporasie –
    • deel is van of geassosieer word met ʼn ander persoon of entiteit nie;
    • ʼn staatsorgaan of ʼn hof is, of deur die staat, ʼn staatsorgaan of ʼn hof bedryf, geborg, gesteun of onderskryf word nie;
    • besit, bestuur of bedryf word deur ʼn persoon of persone wat ʼn bepaalde opvoedkundige benaming het nie;
    • besit, bedryf, geborg, gesteun of onderskryf word deur, of die ondersteuning geniet van enige internasionale organisasie, buitelandse staat, staatshoof, regeringshoof, regering of administrasie van ʼn departement van so ʼn regering of administrasie nie;
  • die naam mag nie ʼn woord, uitdrukking of simbool insluit wat, in isolasie of in samehang met die res van die naam redelikerwys geag kan word as oorlogspropaganda, aanhitsing tot onmiddellike geweld of voorspraak vir haat gebaseer op ras, etnisiteit, geslag of geloof, of aanhitsing om skade te veroorsaak uit te maak nie.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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HOW THE VAT INCREASE AFFECTS YOUR BUSINESS

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Consumers and suppliers have by now had an opportunity to familiarise themselves with the increased Value-Added Tax (VAT) rate of 15% since 1 April 2018. There are however many technical considerations related to the increase that remain unclear. One such an uncertainty is with regards to deposits paid prior to the effective date of the increase, while goods and services are only rendered thereafter.

VAT vendors often require that consumers pay a deposit to secure the future delivery of goods or services (for example, an advance payment for the manufacture of goods, bookings in advance for holidays or accommodation etc.). The deposit paid by the consumer is then off-set against the full purchase price once they eventually receive the goods or services. The question arises what VAT rate the consumer will finally be subject to, where they paid a deposit before 1 April 2018, but the actual delivery of goods or services only takes place thereafter.

The answer to this question is found in the time of supply rules contained in section 9 of the Value-Added Tax Act.[1] In terms thereof, the “time of supply” of goods and services is at the time an invoice is issued by a supplier, or the time any payment of consideration is received by the supplier, whichever is the earlier. Two important concepts stem from this rule.

Firstly, an “invoice” needs to be issued by a supplier. In terms of section 1 of the VAT Act, an “invoice” is a document notifying someone of an obligation to make payment. It is therefore not necessary that a “tax invoice” – which has very specific requirements – needs to be issued. If consumers received only a “booking confirmation”, “acknowledgment of receipt” or similar document prior to 1 April 2018 that did not demand payment (such as tax invoice or pro-forma invoice), the time of supply was not triggered, and consumers will be subject to the 15% VAT rate once the goods or services are finally delivered after 1 April 2018.

Secondly, any deposit that was paid by the consumer, would have had to be applied as “consideration” for the supply of the goods or services to constitute “payment”. In this regard, consumers are largely dependent on how VAT vendors account for deposits in their financial systems. If deposits are accounted for separately (which is often the case with refundable deposits or where there are conditions attached to the supply) and only recognised as a supply when goods or services are received by the consumer, the deposit (although a transfer of money has occurred), would not constitute “payment”. For example, the time of supply may only be triggered once a guest has completed their stay at a guest house after 1 April 2018, resulting in VAT being levied at 15%.

The take away from the time of supply rules is therefore that payment of a deposit prior to 1 April 2018 does not necessarily result in a supply at 14% VAT and the rate to be applied is dependent on the specific facts of each case. Both consumers and VAT vendors should also take note that there are a number of rate specific rules that apply during the transition phase, and are encouraged to seek advice from a tax professional when they are in doubt about the rate to be applied.

[1] 89 of 1991 (the “VAT-Act”)

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

 

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OMHEINING VAN VERLIESE (ARTIKEL 20A) VIR NATUURLIKE PERSONE

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Artikel 20A het met ingang van 1 Maart 2004 in werking getree. Hierdie artikel handel oor die omheiningsbepalings wat verhoed dat natuurlike persone hul belasbare inkomste verminder deur verliese uit sekondêre handel te gebruik.

Artikel 20A vervang altans nie artikels 11(a) en 23(g) nie. Alle uitgawes wat nie volgens artikel 11(a) kwalifiseer nie of wat as ’n aftrekking ingevolge artikel 23(g) geweier word, sal permanent verlore gaan. Artikel 20A is dus in teenstelling met artikel 11(a) en 23(g) aangesien uitgawes nie permanent geweier word nie, maar slegs omhein word deur dit as ’n aftrekking toe te laat teen toekomstige belasbare inkomste van die primêre bedryf.

Artikel 20A(2) stel die onderstaande vereistes waarvolgens aangeslane verliese omhein sal word:

  1. Indien ’n belastingbetaler teen die maksimum belastingkoers belas word, voor inagneming van enige aangeslane verliese en balanse van vasgestelde verliese van die vorige jare van aanslag, moet onderstaande punte 2 tot 4 oorweeg word.
  1. Artikel 20A(2) vereis dat die “3-uit-5-jaar”-toets toegepas word vir 2 kategorieë nl. wildsboerdery-aktiwiteite en die handel dryf in “verdagte aktiwiteite” –

2.1 Aangeslane verliese wat ontstaan uit wildsboerdery-aktiwiteite vir 3 van die voorafgaande 5 jare kan moontlik omhein word.

2.2 Artikel 20A(2)(b) verskaf ’n lys van “verdagte aktiwiteite” en indien aangeslane verliese gegenereer word uit een van die onderstaande aktiwiteite vir ten minste 3 van die voorafgaande 5 jare sal sodanige verliese moontlik omhein word:

  • enige sportaktiwiteite beoefen deur die belastingbetaler;
  • enige handel in versamelstukke;
  • die verhuur van residensiële eiendom, tensy ten minste 80% van die akkommodasie gebruik word deur die persone wat nie verwant is aan die belastingbetaler nie, vir ten minste helfte van die jaar van aanslag;
  • die verhuur van voertuie, vliegtuie of bote soos gedefinieer in die Agtste Bylae, tensy ten minste 80% van die voertuie, vliegtuie of bote gebruik word deur nie verwante persone, vir ten minste helfte van die jaar van aanslag nie;
  • diere skou beoefen deur die belastingbetaler;
  • boedery of stoetery, tensy die belastingbetaler hierdie aktiwiteite beoefen op ’n voltydse basis;
  • enige vorm van beeldende of uitvoerende kunste beoefen deur die belastingbetaler; en
  • enige vorm van dobbelary of weddery beoefen deur die belastingbetaler.
  1. Bogenoemde bepalings is nie van toepassing in die geval waar ’n verlies gely word vir die jaar van aanslag, uit ’n bedryf wat ’n redelike kans het om ’n belasbare inkomste (uitgesluit kapitaalwins) te genereer binne ’n redelike periode en ook voldoen aan sekere kriteria soos gelys onder artikel 20A(3) nie.
  1. Alhoewel omheining vrygespring kan word onder punt 3 kan verliese steeds omhein word as daar vir ten minste 6 van die voorafgaande 10 jare verliese gely word. Die onus is dan op die belastingbetaler om die SAID te oortuig dat besigheid bedryf word met ’n redelike vooruitsig om belasbare inkomste te genereer binne ’n redelike tydberk.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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TAX SEASON 2018 FOR INDIVIDUALS

The 2018 Tax Season for Individuals opens on 1 July 2018 for e-Filers

What are the deadlines?

The deadline for non-provisional taxpayers has been brought forward to allow more time for finalising audits before the year ends:

Type of Taxpayer Deadline
Non-provisional 31 October 2018
Provisional 31 January 2019

Checklist for all information required in order for us to complete your tax return:

  1. IRP5 certificates

IRP5 and IT3 certificates reflecting salary, annuities, pension and other income received.

  1. IT3(a)(b)&(c) certificates

Proof of Interest/dividends/capital gains/loss received – local and foreign

  1. Bequests and donations received
  1. Capital gain or loss

The following information is required:

  • Was the asset your residential property?
  • Return on the sale of the asset.
  • Base cost of the asset, i.e. the purchase price if purchased after 1 October 2001, or a capital gain valuation of the asset.
  1. Other income/expenses

(Rental of property/partnership income/other).

  1. Medical fund contributions
  • Medical fund contribution certificate.
  • Proof of payment of claims not covered by your medical fund and paid by yourself.
  1. Annuity fund contributions certificates
  1. Travel allowance

If you wish to claim expenses against your travel allowance, the logbook for the tax year is required, together with the following information concerning the vehicle for which you received the travel allowance:

  • Make and model
  • Year of manufacture
  • Purchase price
  • Purchase date
  • Registration number
  • Kilometre reading on 1 March 2017
  • Kilometre reading on 28 February 2018
  1. Donations – Proof of donations made to public benefit organisations.
  1. Other information

Details of any other action or event that may influence your tax liability.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

 

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PROPERLY EXECUTING A WILL IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT

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I gave instructions to my attorney to prepare a last will and testament for me as my will no longer reflected my wishes. At my request, my attorney emailed the will to me with clear instructions as to how I should go about signing it. I asked my neighbours to act and sign as witnesses. My neighbours signed the will on all the pages and left before I signed. I then signed the will on all the pages. I am now worried about the validity of my will as the email from my attorney states that I have to sign the will in the presence of two witnesses. Is my will valid?

The formalities for the valid execution of a will are set out in the Wills Act. Section 2 of the Wills Act, Act 7 of 1953, reads: “No will executed… shall be valid unless the will is signed at the end thereof by the testator… and such signature is made by the testator… in the presence of two or more competent witnesses present at the same time and such witnesses attest and sign the will in the presence of the testator and of each other…”. Therefore, in order for a will to be valid, it has to be signed in the presence of two independent witnesses, both witnesses being present when the will is signed by the testator. The two witnesses signed your will in the presence of each other, but not in your presence.

A similar set of facts presented itself in a court case recently heard by the Gauteng Local Division of the High Court. In this matter, the two daughters of the deceased, who lost out on their inheritance in terms of the will of their father, claimed that it was never their father’s intention for his much younger lover to inherit his total estate. The testator was 85 years old at the time of his death and he had been living with a woman 38 years his junior for 8 years.

The deceased executed two wills during his lifetime. One on 6 November 2011 (“the 2011 will”) and another on 7 January 2014 (“the 2014 will”). The 2014 will was signed shortly before his death leaving the bulk of his estate to his much younger lover. The daughters of the deceased claimed the 2014 will was invalid as there were “suspicious” circumstances. They claimed their father either did not sign the 2014 will himself or, if he did, that he lacked the mental capacity to execute a valid will by reason of dementia. The daughters of the deceased were not successful in proving that the deceased’s signature was a forgery despite the fact that three handwriting experts testified.

Another witness called to testify was a witness to the 2014 will. Her testimony focused on the circumstances surrounding the signing of the 2014 will. She signed the will as a witness. She testified that she and her husband met the deceased in the street. As they were acquainted they naturally engaged in social conversation. She and her husband were informed that the deceased was on his way to the police station to sign a will. She and her husband were asked if they would accompany the deceased in order to sign the will as witnesses. They were assured that the process would not take long so they agreed to assist.

She and her husband signed the will and immediately left. They were the first to sign the will. At the time they signed the will the deceased had not signed the will. They left before witnessing the deceased signing the will.  Hence, the 2014 will was not signed by the deceased in their presence even though it reflects their respective signatures as witnesses.

The evidence assessed collectively established that the deceased signed the 2011 will and also that he signed the 2014 will. However, the 2014 will was signed by the deceased after the two witnesses to the will had already left and therefore was signed in their absence.

The court referred to Section 2 of the Wills Act in terms whereof no will is valid unless the signature made by the testator is made “in the presence of two or more competent witnesses present at the same time”. The court confirmed that this requirement is mandatory and, if not met, the will is not valid for want of compliance with a statutorily required formality.

The court therefore found the 2014 will to be invalid and, as there was no evidence that there was any irregularity in the execution of the 2011 will, the 2011 will was declared the will of the deceased.

This judgement of the High Court once again emphasizes the importance of complying with the Wills Act. Your will is invalid, and it is advisable for you to print the will again and to sign it in the presence of two competent witnesses or, even better, for you to make an appointment with your attorney in order to sign the will at his office.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

References:

  • Twine and Another v Naidoo and Another [2017] ZAGPJHC 288; [2018] 1 All SA 297 (GJ)
  • Wills Act, Act 7 of 1953
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TAX DEDUCTIONS AGAINST SALARY EARNINGS

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Our clients who earn only a salary will know that very few tax deductions are available against salary income for income tax purposes and whereby they may reduce the taxable income derived ultimately from such remunerations. Section 23(m) of the Income Tax Act[1] provides that none of the deductions ordinarily available to taxpayers in terms of section 11 are allowed against salary income, other than for a limited few. We set out these deductions which are available below:

  1. Contributions made by taxpayers to a pension fund, provident fund or retirement annuity fund may be deducted against salary income in accordance with the provisions of section 11F;
  2. To the extent that an individual incurs legal fees, wear and tear-related costs or bad or doubtful debts as part of his/her employment, such expenditure will be deductible.[2] (Although it is possible that a wear and tear-related allowance may be available against a laptop or textbooks acquired as example, it is in our experience practically highly unlikely for legal fees, bad debts and doubtful debts to arise from an employment trade);
  3. Where amounts received, either as a restraint of trade payment or as ordinary remuneration for employment services rendered, are refunded by the employee, those amounts refunded may be legitimately claimed as an income tax deduction;[3] and
  4. Expenses incurred towards rent of, cost of repairs[4] of or expenses in connection with any dwelling, house or domestic premises, those costs may be claimed as deductions, to the extent that it is incurred as part of the individual’s employment and on condition that it does not offend the provisions of section 23(b) which deal with “home office” expenses.

Other than for the above, very few other deductions are available for individual taxpayers earning only a salary. Outside the ambit of section 11, the only other deductions which we typically encounter are medical aid contributions incurred, amounts claimed against travel allowances received or donations made to qualifying public benefit organisations. Of late, investments in section 12J “venture capital companies” may also be claimed as income tax deductions against salary income.

The above limitations only apply to salaried income received from employment though. Where an individual is also engaged in another trade (such as the renting out of an apartment), the above limitations do not apply to that separate trade. In such case, section 23(m) will not make the deductions in section 11 unavailable, although this is only as relates to the separate (rental) trade.

[1] No. 58 of 1962.

[2] Sections 11(a), (c), (i) and (j) respectively.

[3] Sections 11(nA) and (nB) respectively.

[4] In terms of section 11(d).

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)

 

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ADDISIONELE MEDIESE KORTING VIR ’N INDIVIDU:
WANNEER KAN EK MEDIESE UITGAWES UIT DIE SAK BETAAL AS ’N EIS INDIEN?

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Addisioneel tot die Artikel 6A mediese belastingkrediet is daar ook krediet beskikbaar vir individue (belastingpligtiges) wat mediese uitgawes self uit die sak uit betaal in terme van Artikel 6B van die Inkomstebelastingwet.

Die addisionele mediese uitgawes belastingkrediet kan deur die belastingpligtige geëis word vir  kwalifiserende mediese uitgawes aangengaan vir homself asook sy afhanklikes.

Volgens Artikel 6B(1) sluit “afhanklike” die volgende in:

  • Gade of lewensmaat van die belastingpligtige;
  • Belastingpligtige se kind, asook kind van gade;
  • Enige ander lid van die belastingpligtige se familie waarvoor die belastingpligtige aanspreeklik is vir die ondersteuning of familieversorging; en
  • Enige ander persoon waar die mediese skema se reëls ’n afhanklike erken.

Kwalifiserende mediese uitgawes sluit in:

  • Dokters, tandartse, fisioterapeute, oogkundiges en verkseie ander mediese praktisyn;
  • Geregistreede hospitale, of tuisverpleging deur ’n gekwalifiseerde verpleegkundige;
  • Voorgekrewe medisyne (“Oor-die-toonbank-medisyne” kwalifseer slegs indien dit deur ’n geregistreerde mediese praktisyn voorgeskryf is.);
  • Bogenoemde uitgawes aangegaan in die buiteland; en
  • Uitgawes soos voorgeskryf deur die Kommissaris noodsaaklikerwys aangegaan en betaal met betrekking tot liggaamlike gestremdheid of ongeskiktheid.

Vir die uitgawes om te kwalifiseer vir die addissionele mediese uitgawes belastingkrediet moes dit werkilk deur die belastingpligtige in die jaar van aanslag betaal word en nie verhaalbaar gewees het deur ’n mediese fonds of ’n gapingsdekkingplan nie.

Die addisionele mediese uitgawes belastingkrediet word op spesifieke formules bereken soos uiteengesit in Artikel 6B. Belastingpligtiges 65 jaar en ouer, asook belastingpligtiges met ’n gestremdeheid, of gade, of kind met gestremdheid kan die meeste voordeel uit Artikel 6B benut.

As u enige individu-verwante vrae het, staan ons vriendelike en bekwame span gereed om u te help. Moenie huiwer om ons te kontak nie.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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WANNEER KAN EK MEDIESE UITGAWES UIT DIE SAK BETAAL AS ’N EIS INDIEN?

BELASTINGSKULD EN AFBETALINGSOOREENKOMSTE

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Om by iemand in die rooi te wees is vir meeste ’n onaangename ervaring, veral as die skuldeiser die Suid-Afrikaanse Inkomstediens (die SAID) is.

Omstandighede lei egter soms na gevalle waar ’n belastingpligtige agter raak met bedrae wat aan die SAID verskuldig is. Ons ondervind egter dat die SAID se skuldinvorderaars (intern en nuut-aangestelde eksterne agente) al hoe meer aktief uitstaande skuld invorder – grootliks weens die tekorte soos wyd gepubliseer wat tesourie ervaar.

Belastingwetgewing maak voorsiening vir belastingpligtiges om alternatiewe reëlings met die SAID te tref om belastingbetalings uit te stel, af te betaal en selfs in sekere gevalle af te skryf.

Dit is egter belangrik om die SAID vroegtydig en pro-aktief te nader om sulke reëlings te tref.

Meestal is die SAID geneë om afbetalingsterme aan te gaan met belastingpligtiges. Dit stel die belastingbetaler in staat om hul skuld in paaiemente af te betaal. Alle tipe belastingbetalings kan daarvoor aansoek doen, maar dit is ’n vereiste om te kan toon dat die belastingpligtige werklik in ’n posisie is om nie dadelik hul belastings te kan betaal nie.

Die SAID vereis gedetailleerde inligting ten opsigte van die belastingpligtige se finansiële posisie alvorens enige afbetalingsooreenkoms toegestaan sal word al dan nie. Oorweging word geskenk aan die betalingsgeskiedenis van die belastingpligtige, vorige oortredings van die belastingwet asook geldige redes waarom die belastingpligtige nie hul skuld ten volle kan betaal nie.

Belastingpligtiges moet egter in gedagte hou dat die SAID nie deur die ooreenkoms gebind sal wees indien die belastingpligtige nie aan die voorwaardes en terugbetalingsterme van die ooreenkoms gehoorsaam is nie.

In die geval waar die uitstaande aanspreeklikheid minder as R 50 000 is sal die SAID gewoonlik ’n 3-6 maande afbetalingsooreenkoms sonder te veel moeite toestaan. Die aansoek moet redes insluit waarom die skuld nie onmiddellik terugbetaal kan word nie.

In gevalle waar die skuld R 50 000 oorskry moet ’n aantal dokumente en inligting die aansoek vergesel.  Dit sluit in, maar is nie beperk nie, tot:

  • Laaste 6 maande se bankstate;
  • Finansiële state vir die mees onlangse finansiële jaar;
  • Nuutste beskikbare bestuurstate;
  • Kontantvloei-vooruitskatting vir die volgende 12 maande;
  • Motiveringsbrief vir die afbetalingsooreenkoms; en
  • Toepaslike aansoekvorms.

Ons nooi u uit om met ons belastingafdeling in verbinding te tree sou u enige verdere navrae met betrekking tot die afbetaling van u skuld hê.

Hierdie artikel is ʼn algemene inligtingsblad en moet nie as professionele advies beskou word nie. Geen verantwoordelikheid word aanvaar vir enige foute, verlies of skade wat ondervind word as gevolg  van die gebruik van enige inligting vervat in hierdie artikel nie. Kontak altyd ʼn finansiële raadgewer vir spesifieke en gedetailleerde advies. (E&OE)

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