According to Brett Herron, the mayoral committee member for transport and urban development at the City of Cape Town, different holiday accommodation land use types, such as B&Bs and guest houses, are regulated by the City’s zoning scheme, called the Development Management Scheme.
If referring to Cape Town, for instance, the city has a Guest Accommodation Policy that sets out the guidelines that have to be considered when applications are made to obtain the necessary planning permissions. According to the Policy, if you wanted to provide a self-catering, flexible accommodation option in line with current trends for transient guests, visitors and tourists, then these are the guidelines that should be followed:
- A building or group of buildings consisting of separate accommodation units rented for residential purposes, each incorporating a kitchenette / full kitchen, but may also include an option of meals being provided communally to guests.
- May include communal areas for the exclusive use by lodgers / transient guests.
- Form and scale of development determined by development parameters of particular zone (i.e. floor space, building lines, height) and the site context.
- No general restriction on number of units, but must be locally appropriate in context of the building/site characteristics and surrounding area.
- Council may determine / restrict the number of units per development in cases and lay down conditions necessary to mitigate the impact thereof.
- Not supported on a single residential zoned property, subject site must have suitable general residential, mixed use or commercial zoning.
- Locational criteria that should be considered, include:
- proximity to public transport routes, commercial centres and tourist activities.
- character of the surrounding area;
- mixed use or commercial locations (including areas designated for high density development) are encouraged.
In many cities, you must register, get a permit, or obtain a licence before you can list your property or accept guests. Certain types of short-term bookings may be prohibited altogether. Local municipalities may also vary greatly in how they enforce these laws. However, it is not impossible to list your property on Airbnb, you just have to find out from the local municipality if you have the correct permissions and if the property has the correct zoning.
- Guest Accommodation Policy, the City of Cape Town, Department of Planning & Building Development Management.
- “Regulating Airbnb in Cape Town”, Jan Vermeulen, MyBroadband. https://mybroadband.co.za/news/government/210884-regulating-airbnb-in-cape-town.html
This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)